THE CENTRAL VALLEY PROJECT
Originally conceived by state engineers, the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation later took over construction of the Central Valley Project (CVP). The Bureau maintains the following profile of the CVP:
- Reaches from the Cascade-Trinity Mountains near Redding in the north to the Tehachapi Mountains near Bakersfield in the south, a total distance of roughly 500 miles.
- Consists of 20 dams and reservoirs, 11 power plants, and 500 miles of major canals, conduits, tunnels, and related facilities.
- Annually delivers about 7 million acre-feet of water for agricultural, urban, and wildlife use.
- Provides about 5 million acre-feet for farms, enough to irrigate about 3 million acres or approximately one-third of the agricultural land in California.
- Furnishes about 600,000 acre-feet for municipal and industrial use, enough to supply close to one million households with their annual water needs.
- Dedicates 800,000 acre-feet per year to fish and wildlife and their habitat, and 410,000 acre-feet to state and federal wildlife refuges and wetlands as stipulated by the Central Valley Project Improvement Act (CVPIA).
- During an average water year, generates about 4.8 billion kilowatt hours of electricity to meet the needs of 2 million people